Many people who want to do orthodontics want to know more about the complications and dangers of this therapeutic and cosmetic treatment of dentistry. In this article, we are going to address this issue.
Perhaps most people are aware of the benefits of dental orthodontics. The benefits of orthodontics are not only about correcting the appearance of teeth but also it can help to improve overall body health. But does it have any side effects? The answer is yes. Like any medical and dental treatments, orthodontics is no exception. These side effects are not dangerous or life-threatening however they have to be taken seriously to prevent any further issues which have the potential to become problematic. Most of these side effects are preventable and they can be reduced by yourself or your dentist. Some of them have no cure and you have to accept them as a side effect but they are not worrying problems. The most important orthodontic complications will be discussed below.
Generally, dental decays are the first and common factor that threatens the life of the teeth. The first defense wall against them is brushing teeth. But when you have braces on your teeth, brushing them becomes a struggle. Braces don’t let the ordinary toothbrush clean the space between braces and the surface of the teeth. So most of the time these parts remain unwashed and by the time the color of the teeth becomes yellow and finally, these changes to tooth decay. Solving this problem is easy and on your shoulders. You must use a special orthodontic toothbrush for braces that can go through the spaces between braces. You have to brush your teeth so carefully to be sure no tooth remains unwashed. Also using fluoride mouthwash becomes more vital when you have braces.
The brace’s obligation is to push teeth and force them to move. In this condition, the jawbone has to adapt itself to the teeth movement and changes. If these changes occur fast, the root of the tooth which is in the jawbone will be resorbed and shortened. According to the reports, this will increase the risk of losing a tooth. Root resorption is not a common problem and it may happen or not. Also, it doesn’t have any specific reason but it has mostly seen in orthodontic candidates. Your dentist needs to take x-rays from your teeth to discover if the root of your teeth is short. If so, the other alternative treatment needs to be prescribed. However, you can reduce the amount of shortening the root of your teeth by improving your oral hygiene.
Some patients have shown allergic responses to the orthodontics rubber bands and the metal braces. The common allergic reactions are swelling and itching of the gums that can be unbearable. In rare conditions, asthma has been observed too. So you have to talk to your dentist about all the allergies that you had experienced before even food allergies. Your dentist can change or order custom orthodontics elastics to prevent any allergic reactions. These allergic reactions are not widespread but they should be taken seriously. If not, the process of your treatment will be interrupted and it will take time more than you have estimated.
Because of the structure of the orthodontics braces and rubber bands, the enamel of the teeth may be resorbed especially in fixed orthodontics. Because braces will be attached to the teeth and cannot be removed for at least 12 months. So it is like something extra is on your teeth for a long time that by the time causes dental plaques and dental decays. This side effect is inevitable but you can reduce it. Avoid sugary food as much as you can. Sugar increases the possibility of dental decays. Pay more attention to your oral hygiene and brush your teeth with special orthodontic toothbrush 2times a day and don’t forget to rinse your teeth with fluoride mouthwash.
In addition to dental decays, orthodontic treatment can increase the chance of inflammation of gums and periodontal diseases. This side effect is because of the braces of orthodontics especially when patients don’t use dental floss for cleaning the spaces between braces and also don’t brush their teeth correctly and completely. It is so important to clean your gum line when brushing because gum lines are the place for dental plaques.
These minor injuries are common ones that grow typically on the mouth. By placing orthodontics braces on the teeth, the inner and soft side of the mouth may be wounded or sensitive and it causes mouth ulcers which can be painful or not. The dentist can reduce the possibility of these mouth injuries by some other treatments or medications.