A pacemaker is a device that adjusts the heart rhythm by applying an electrical flow. A pacemaker or heart battery can detect the heart rate and provide a natural and regular beat by sending an electrical flow.
2 to 3 Days
1 to 2 Hours
The pacemaker surgery may have some risks like any other surgery, but patients can reduce the probability of risks if they do this surgery in a hospital equipped with special facilities and an expert medical team. The pacemaker consists of an electric circuit and a long life battery. It is placed in the upper chest or abdomen and below the skin. The energy released from the battery turns into the electrical wavelength which is guided to the heart muscle and causes the contraction. The wires help the battery to be aware of the heart rate and when is needed, the required electricity is sent to the heart muscle. Different types of pacemakers exist, and the doctor selects the best one, depending on age, heart disease, and underlying illness.
Before making the decision for placing a pacemaker, some information about heart is required such as: • heart rhythm pattern by electrocardiogram (EKG) • heart rhythms for a 24-hour period (during regular activities) by Holter monitoring • Heart activity and oxygen saturation during either rest or exercise. Patients should tell a complete medical history to the doctor. Also need to let him know about all of the medicines and supplements (vitamins, minerals and herbal medicines) taken and allergies. Doctor will manage patients’ medicines because some medicines like warfarin, aspirin and Plavix should be stopped some days prior to the surgery.
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